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25 July 2021, Volume 23 Issue 4
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  • Contents,NO.4,2021
    Editorial Department of Journal of Chaohu University
    2021, 23(4):  0-0. 
    Abstract ( 255 )   PDF (296KB) ( 167 )   Save
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    Contents  NO.4,2021(Vol.23General Serial No.169)
    The Evolution and Enlightenment of Strengthening Inner Party Supervision in the Constitution of the Communist Party of China
    ZHAO Guang-jun
    2021, 23(4):  1-7.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.001
    Abstract ( 352 )   PDF (430KB) ( 206 )   Save
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    Since the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC) one hundred years ago, it has always attached great importance to the issue of inner-party supervision. The party constitution is not only the fundamental law of the party, but also the fundamental principle to adhere to in strengthening the supervision within the party.An important aspect of the party's attention to inner-party supervision is reflected in the provisions and amendments of the party constitution to inner-party supervision. From the first CPC National Congress program to the 19th National Congress constitution, the provisions on party supervision, has experienced four stages: initial formation,promotion and retrogression, development and perfection, and the latest deployment. Through the historical investigation of the relevant contents of the party constitution on the supervision within the party, this paper summarizes and studies its experience and enlightenment, which is of great significance to further strengthening the supervision within the party and promoting the comprehensive and strict governance of the party under the new situation.
    A Study of the 30th Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party of China in 1951
    HOU You-qian
    2021, 23(4):  8-13+30.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.002
    Abstract ( 408 )   PDF (605KB) ( 197 )   Save
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    The 30th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China in 1951 was the first large-scale commemoration after the founding of new China, which had far-reaching influence. Not only its operation mode and commemorative form are followed by the later celebrations, some connotations in the commemorative discourse also extend to this day. And a new tradition of commemoration at the end of a decade was formed. By reading the historical materials of newspapers and periodicals, using the methods of literature research and inductive analysis,the paper reviews and sorts out this event, which can not only enhance our understanding of the history of the celebrations of the founding of the Communist Party of China, but also provide reference for the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China.
    A Study on Ways to Improve Flood Control Mechanism in China
    CHEN Meng-ting
    2021, 23(4):  14-20.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.003
    Abstract ( 177 )   PDF (634KB) ( 171 )   Save
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    Flood has had multiple impacts on Chinese society for a long time, and it is a specific practical aspect in the field of social governance and national construction. With the continuous improvement of China' s economic development and scientific and technological level, the people' s ability to prevent and fight disasters has been gradually strengthened, but flood has never left the stage of history. China's natural disaster emergency management system has shown its own advantages in practice, but it is worth further reflection as we explore a more scientific and effective flood management mechanism. In order to optimize the prevention and control mechanism, it is necessary to prepare emergency plans, pre-set manpower and materials, and prepare catastrophe insurance. In order to construct the multi-subject cooperation mechanism, it is necessary to implement the emergency plan, supervise social organizations, and guide media interaction. In order to coordinate the high-quality development mechanism of the river basin, it is necessary to regulate the environment of the basin, promote the economic upgrading of the basin, and build water conservancy projects.
    The Existing Problems and Countermeasures of Legislation for Chaohu Lake Basin
    WANG Rui
    2021, 23(4):  21-30.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.004
    Abstract ( 259 )   PDF (761KB) ( 151 )   Save
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    The ecological status of Chaohu Lake Basin is particularly important in Anhui province and even in the whole country. In recent years, the environment of Chaohu Lake Basin has been significantly improved by the government, but there are still some environmental problems. Combing the current relevant laws and regulations for Chaohu Lake Basin, summarizing the current legislative situation, we find that there are problems such as unbalanced legislative structure and scattered system, insufficient ecological legislation, imperfect legislative content and so on. According to our country' s ecological civilization concept and practical experience of comprehensive legislation in the basin, we should make comprehensive legislation in Chaohu Lake Basin, formulate the Regulations on Protection of Chaohu Lake Basin, improve the ecological concept of legislation, and construct and improve the legal system from the aspects of improving the overall environmental protection planning system, environmental impact assessment system, ecological protection compensation system and government environmental responsibility investigation mechanism, so as to provide institution guarantee for ecological protection in Chaohu Lake Basin.
    Research on the Impact of Tax and Fee Reduction on the Vitality of Small and Micro Enterprises: A Case Study of Hefei City, Anhui Province
    LI Guang-long, JIN Ru-tao
    2021, 23(4):  31-39.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.005
    Abstract ( 292 )   PDF (869KB) ( 204 )   Save
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    Based on the questionnaire data concerning tax and fee reduction for small and micro enterprises in Anhui Province, this paper empirically analyzes the impact of tax factors and non-tax factors on enterprise vitality based on the ordered Logit model. The research findings are as follows: The implementation of tax and fee reduction policy is conducive to the improvement of the vitality of small and micro enterprises. Especially the reduction of tax burden has a more obvious effect on stimulating the vitality of small and micro enterprises. Moreover, tax and fee reduction has a more significant effect on the vitality of enterprises with a small number of employees and good tax credit rating. At the same time, non-tax factors such as employee quality and profitability will also directly affect the vitality of small and micro enterprises, and profitability and trade friction will indirectly affect the vitality of small and micro enterprises by adjusting tax and fee reduction policies. Based on this, we should pay attention to the tax and fee reduction level for small and micro enterprises with a certain scale; beware of the weakening influence of non-tax factors on the effect of policy implementation; make tax and fee cuts more targeted and lower the corporate income tax rate; improve the enterprises' tax rating so that they can accurately enjoy the policy benefits.
    Research on the Construction and Improvement of New Urban Cultural Space Service: A Case Study of Hefei Yue·Study
    ZHANG Chao-min
    2021, 23(4):  40-44.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.006
    Abstract ( 291 )   PDF (756KB) ( 172 )   Save
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    The construction of urban cultural space is an important measure to promote national reading. In recent years, Hefei has vigorously promoted the construction of new urban reading space represented by Yue·Study, and achieved remarkable results. Hefei Yue·Study mainly adopts the operation mode of purchasing social service,cooperative Library and commercial integration. However, in practice, there are some problems, such as decentralization of library and store, low efficiency of management, single-mode publicity and amateur clerks. The problems can be solved by strengthening institutional cooperation, innovating management methods, expanding publicity channels, increasing staff training and introducing social capital.
    Kant's Self Theory: The Reality of Self and Its Justification
    SU Chen-sheng
    2021, 23(4):  45-50+115.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.007
    Abstract ( 610 )   PDF (898KB) ( 202 )   Save
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    Kant's theory of the self mainly solves the problem of how the knowledge of universal necessity is possible and why the self exists. In current studies, most have separated these two aspects and failed to comprehend Kant's theory of the self completely. Even in the studies combining these two aspects, they either fail to recognize the possible contradictions or stand still in the face of contradictions. Borrowing the train of thought from Kant's transcendental aesthetic theory, these two aspects are completed through the transcendental deduction of self and the metaphysical deduction of self respectively. The former shows that the transcendental unity with spontaneous apperception is an important condition for the objective validity of knowledge, while the latter shows that the selfexists in the sense of Realit?t and not in the sense of Wirklichkeit. The distinction between Wirklichkeit and Realit?t is therefore the key to understanding Kant's theory of the self. It shows that Kant has no real contradiction in the question of the self.
    Demand Analysis of Cultivating and Practicing Socialist Core Values in the Countryside Based on Big Data
    ZHANG Jing, OU Shu-tong
    2021, 23(4):  51-60.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.008
    Abstract ( 329 )   PDF (1761KB) ( 187 )   Save
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    Baidu Index is an vital data source of network research, with which this paper searches the key words Socialist Core Values + the countryside. It studies the demand level of cultivating and practicing socialist core values in the countryside. The result shows that the attention degree experienced a great upwards trend in general during the research span, with dramatic increases in certain periods. And under the implementation of the Rural Vitalization Strategy, Socialist Core Values have been incorporated spontaneously into a series of strategic decisions and plans of our country, including Targeted Poverty alleviation, Local Custom Civilization Construction and Supply-side Structural Reform. During the beneficial interaction, Socialist Core Values play an essential role in value guidance, reflecting the contemporary China spirit. They serve as the moral basis of the people's spiritual strength and provide the moral support for the modernization of state governance system and the governance capacity.
    The Measurement and Evaluation of Regional Comprehensive Competitiveness Based on Entropy Weight Factor Analysis: Taking Anhui Province as an Example
    ZHU Tao, CHEN Ying
    2021, 23(4):  61-69.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.009
    Abstract ( 298 )   PDF (1072KB) ( 164 )   Save
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    Based on the theory of regional competitiveness, this paper constructs a quantitative evaluation index system of regional comprehensive competitiveness from two dimensions of "soft power" and "hard power", extracts economic comprehensive factors, education, science and technology factors and residents忆 living standard factors by factor analysis, and makes an empirical evaluation and analysis of regional comprehensive competitiveness of 16 prefecture-level cities in Anhui Province by entropy method. It is found that there is a wide gap in the comprehensive competitiveness of different regions in Anhui Province, and the polarization is obvious; The top-ranking cities are near the provincial capital, and the overall ranking is stable. The top-ranking cities perform better on "hard power" than on "soft power", while those at the bottom are the opposite. At the same time, the study finds out the main factors that restrict regional development, and puts forward suggestions, to narrow regional development differences, enhance comprehensive competitiveness, and accelerate regional coordination, integration, and high-quality development.
    Study on the Protection and Development of Old Streets in Northern Anhui from the Perspective of Ecological Culture
    YU Cai-xia, LV Yong-yin
    2021, 23(4):  70-76.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.010
    Abstract ( 217 )   PDF (920KB) ( 230 )   Save
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    Ecological culture is the sum of human survival modes to adapt to the diverse ecological environment. In order to adapt to the ecological environment, the old street culture created by the people of northern Anhui has distinctive cultural characteristics. Its main types are commercial culture, Guanzhong culture, red culture, food culture, opera culture, which enjoy historical and cultural value, regional cultural value and tourism cultural value. However, with the development of social economy, the issue of old street culture protection and development deserves attention. From the connotation and characteristics of ecological culture, the article analyzes the importance of the protection and development of the old streets, the existing problems and their causes, and proposes protection and development strategies such as protecting the spatial mechanism characteristics of the old streets, adopting the mode of zoning protection and development, and constructing creative cultural ecosphere of the old streets in northern Anhui.
    Study on Richard Shusterman's Art Thought of "Dramatization"
    LIAO Yan
    2021, 23(4):  77-83.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.011
    Abstract ( 247 )   PDF (921KB) ( 197 )   Save
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    Shusterman's artistic theory of "dramatization" not only embodies the foundation of the philosophy of language analysis, but also, influenced by the aesthetics of pragmatism, pays attention to the usefulness of definition. The usefulness of art definition lies in taking a certain position through the aesthetic importance of art entity or art itself, thus enhancing the aesthetic understanding of art. The artistic theory of "dramatization" includes the context of frame presupposition and the intensity of stimulus brought by vividness. As a dramatic art, the former focuses on the content of context, distinguishes it from the content of real life, and becomes a "non-realistic" work of art. While the latter tries to complete the output of its own intensity in the process of display, and stimulate individual psychological feelings, so as to bring forward artistic vitality. The relation between the two balances the contradiction and conflict between the aesthetic experience of naturalism and the social framework of historicism, making them coexist with theoretical growth.
    Xue Shiyu's Thought on Writing Eight-part Essays
    XU Yan
    2021, 23(4):  84-89.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.012
    Abstract ( 263 )   PDF (985KB) ( 182 )   Save
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    According to the standard of judging eight-part essays in Qing Dynasty, and experience in teaching and selecting eight-part essays, Xue Shiyu put forward three creative principles, namely, "abide by the principle of 'natural' and 'elegant'","the rules of writing should follow the law of ancient prose, but not stick to the ancient", "clean" and "adorned". In the aspect of learning eight-part essay, he advocated "not just reciting Confucian classics", "knowing the joy of mountains and rivers", "seeing and feeling dependence" and "encouraging each other", and his ultimate goal was to promote the cause of Confucianism. The study of his eight-part essay thought is of significance to the research on the style and features of eight-part essays in Qing Dynasty and Xue Shiyu's literary and educational views.
    Narration and Cure of The Chinese Doctor from the Perspective of Cultural Memory
    WANG Xu
    2021, 23(4):  90-95.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.013
    Abstract ( 216 )   PDF (1079KB) ( 155 )   Save
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    In order to construct the community imagination of anti-epidemic memory, medical documentaries under the national discourse system are constantly emerging. With its gritty but powerful image style, The Chinese Doctor gives a panoramic picture of the epidemic. By applying the theory of cultural memory to re-examine the rhetoric mode of the film, we can find the unique features of The Chinese Doctor in terms of memory practice, narrative structure and symbol extraction. At the same time, the documentary intervenes in the current history with a reconstructed cultural memory, projecting the care of the whole society to the medical group. In addition, the identity constructed after memory narration also occupies the topic advantage in the "anti-epidemic" talk, which provides new methods and approaches for the production of medical documentaries and creates a new landscape of official discourse communication.
    Conrad's Subversion and Containment of Colonial Mainstream Discourse in Heart of Darkness
    WANG Qiu-yu, YU Yuan-yuan
    2021, 23(4):  96-101.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.014
    Abstract ( 403 )   PDF (1072KB) ( 169 )   Save
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    In Heart of Darkness, Conrad not only showed sympathy for the miserable situation of the black, but also showed respect and admiration for the civilization of European whites. Living in the western society where colonialism was prevalent, Conrad struggled between obeying the mainstream discourse and following his heart. Thus, complex emotions permeated the whole text. This paper will use the theory of "subversion" and "containment" to discuss Conrad's uncertain attitudes and complex feelings towards the colonial mainstream discourse from three aspects: colonial discourse, sexism and anthropocentrism.
    Breakthrough in the Bondage: The Game of Consular Jurisdiction in the 1912 Case of Su Youtai in the Early Republic of China
    DENG Zhe-yue
    2021, 23(4):  102-107.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.015
    Abstract ( 323 )   PDF (1141KB) ( 266 )   Save
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    In April 1912, a criminal case of a Japanese murdering a Chinese occurred in Shanghai concession, which aroused heated public discussion and concern. At that time, the Republic of China was in its infancy. With the regime change, the internal and external situations were complicated. After China's efforts, the case was finally won by China, and the Japanese were sentenced to life imprisonment and compensation. To a certain extent, the result safeguarded national and civil rights, and provided a reference for the future handling of similar cases. Through this case, we can see the efforts of modern Chinese people to maximize their rights and interests under the restriction of consular jurisdiction. It provides a new perspective for the study of consular jurisdiction.
    On the Planning of Tongcheng County in Ming Dynasty
    XIA Si-da
    2021, 23(4):  108-115.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.016
    Abstract ( 320 )   PDF (1825KB) ( 313 )   Save
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    The Tongcheng County was built in the ninth year of Daye in Sui Dynasty(613). In the fourth year of Wanli in Ming Dynasty(1576), it was rebuilt into a brick city on the site of Sui Dynasty. The county has a history of more than 1,400 years. The outer part of the county has two-layer city defense system with the mountain and water barrier and the artificial defense facilities. The internal layout of the county town is both a product of the dual influence of Guanzi's idea of city planning based on local conditions and the ancient concept of creating resembling objects, and a typical example of incorporating the ancient system of capital city planning into local city planning, focusing on the city's military defense and political edification functions. At the same time, it also provides inspiration for modern urban planning.
    On the Rise and Fall of the Belief in Zhang Long Gong in Yingzhou Region
    LU Zi-meng
    2021, 23(4):  116-123.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.017
    Abstract ( 304 )   PDF (1204KB) ( 198 )   Save
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    The belief in "Zhang Long Gong" is a local belief that arose in the Yingzhou area. The folklore mythologizes the local man Zhang Lusi as a dragon, and under the influence of natural environmental factors, the belief was disseminated by local officials through the use of their positions and literary scholars with poetry and writings. The belief in Zhang Long Gong flourished during the Northern Song Dynasty. But after the Southern Song Dynasty, due to the impact of war and natural disasters, the economy and culture of Yingzhou were destroyed, and the belief no longer had the important status as in the Tang and Song Dynasties. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, natural disasters were frequent in the Huaihe River basin, but the belief was only fixed in Yingzhou and the surrounding counties. The local society enriched the content of Zhang Long Gong myth during this period. Social forces were involved in the continuation of the belief, and the belief also influenced local culture and historical memory. However, the belief during the Ming and Qing dynasties was influenced by "validity" and spreading the belief to the outside became difficult.
    Examination and Explanation on Twelve Characters of Popular Forms from Northern Zhou and Sui Dynasties Inscriptions
    LIAO Xin-dong, HE Shan
    2021, 23(4):  124-129.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.018
    Abstract ( 244 )   PDF (1391KB) ( 289 )   Save
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    As a type of unearthed documents, inscriptions are important materials for the study of ancient languages, history, and culture. Characters of popular forms are the supplement and reserve force of the orthographic system. Following the trend of the Han, Wei and Six Dynasties, the characters of popular forms in the Northern Zhou and Sui dynasties are still complex, which is a valuable material for the study of Chinese character history. It is the variety of styles and strange shapes that make it difficult to interpret the stele inscriptions during this period, and the collections of the inscriptions often misinterpret the characters of popular forms. This paper selects twelve characters of popular forms among them and corrects with evidence their faulty interpretation, providing reference for the study of modern Chinese characters and the history of Chinese characters.
    The Discourse Function of You Wang in News Context
    LI Yi-qi
    2021, 23(4):  130-137.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.019
    Abstract ( 235 )   PDF (1290KB) ( 144 )   Save
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    News can be regarded as the discourse expression made by the reporter from the standpoint of the audience. At the same time, news also involves the function of transmitting information. Therefore, news discourse should be analyzed as a specific discourse. This article attempts to combine news context with discourse analysis, and examines you wang(hopefully) in the news context from the inside out. From the syntactic environment such as syntactic position, semantic domain and co-occurrence components of you wang, to the semantic relationship of the clause with you wang, to the discussion of the discourse function of you wang in the news context, the study explains the function of stance expression and information transmission of you wang with the theories of stance expression and information transmission.
    Analysis on Lexical Deficiency and Translation Strategy of Business English Document Based on "bring-down"
    XU Kun, CAO Zhao-hong, HU Ya-xin
    2021, 23(4):  138-143+149.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.020
    Abstract ( 369 )   PDF (1366KB) ( 581 )   Save
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    In international business activities like capital venture, public offerings, transnational M&A, financing, real estate transactions, the lexical deficiency often appears in the translation of business English documents. Based on the functional equivalence theory, the translation circle at home and abroad has rendered this phenomenon fundamental research. Taking the business document on the website of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as the main example, which contains compound words with bring-down, we find understandi ng and translating accurately the compound words can help deduce the corresponding Chinese words for bring-down. Throug h practical analysis, literal translation cannot resolve the lexical deficiency effectively, whereas transliteration, free translation and substitution can help readers comprehensively understand the meanings of the compound words. Based on translation practice, the amplification with business background can best solve the problem of lexical deficiency.
    The Value, Goal and Path of Integrating Labor Education into Ideological and Political Teaching in Colleges and Universities in the New Era
    HUANG Shao-xu
    2021, 23(4):  144-149.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.021
    Abstract ( 1160 )   PDF (1418KB) ( 392 )   Save
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    Labor education is an important part of the socialist educational system with Chinese characteristics. Labor education integrated into ideological and political courses in colleges and universities is of momentous value for cultivating college students' Marxist view of labor, and can help them practice the core values of socialism, improve the effectiveness of ideological and political education, and achieve the goal of moral education. The integration, based on mastering the essence of labor education and the content of the ideological and political courses in universities and the relationship between the two, should follow the principle of reasonable integration, so as to achieve the goal of collaboration between labor education and ideological and political education. To achieve proper integration of labor education into the teaching of ideological and political course, colleges and universities needs to work from three aspects: to stimulate the initiative of teachers and enhance the awareness of labor education; to innovate ideological and political teaching methods to stimulate students' labor enthusiasm; to strengthen the assessment and evaluation mechanism and enhance students' awareness of labor practice.
    The Mechanism of Children's Philosophy Education Improving Students'Thinking Quality
    TANG Guang-quan
    2021, 23(4):  150-157.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.022
    Abstract ( 197 )   PDF (1356KB) ( 169 )   Save
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    Children's philosophy education is conducive to the cultivation of students'good thinking quality. The guidance of philosophical ideas can ensure the development direction of children's philosophy education. In the continuous construction of teaching materials, teachers and students gradually overcome the habitual poor thinking quality, and the good thinking quality gradually takes shape in the continuous honing. The optimization of teaching organization and the democracy and freedom of the inquiry community are not only the faithful practice of the good discipline character of philosophy, but also the premise for innovative construction of teaching materials. The evaluation of children's philosophy education focuses on the process of thinking, the significance of discovery, independent thinking and rational exploration, rather than the evaluation itself. The four together constitute the mechanism of the improvement of children's thinking quality, so as to achieve the vision of cultivating students' good thinking quality.
    Research on the Transformation of Funding Students in Local Universities and Colleges during the "Post-Poverty-Alleviation" Period
    ZHU Chun-hua, ZHOU Xiang
    2021, 23(4):  158-164.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.023
    Abstract ( 189 )   PDF (1455KB) ( 147 )   Save
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    From the precise poverty alleviation period of eliminating absolute poverty to the "post -poverty alleviation" period of relieving relative poverty, local universities and colleges are faced with the transformation trend of funding students in terms of objects, goals, methods and management. Xi Jinping's thought of poverty alleviation by education provides a value and theoretical guidance, and a path for the transformation of local universities and colleges' funding for students. To construct the transformation path of funding students in local universities and colleges in the post-poverty alleviation period, we should explore from four aspects: realizing accurate resource allocation, multi-dimensional funding methods, diversified funded subjects and intelligent funding management.