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Table of Content
25 July 2022, Volume 24 Issue 4
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  • A Study on the Translation and Introduction of Lu Opera for Overseas Promotion: From the Perspective of Poly-system Theory
    SHI Yu-rong
    2022, 24(4):  1-8.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.001
    Abstract ( 268 )   PDF (497KB) ( 521 )   Save
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    Under the background of "Going-out" strategy of Chinese culture, Lu Opera, as an important part of "Luzhou Culture", can’t truly go abroad without the research on its translation and introduction. Through field survey, it is found that the current translation and introduction of Lu Opera is faced with some problems, such as inadequate literature, insufficient translation practice, and limited promotion channels. On this basis, starting from the poly-system theory, the author suggests that in the translation and introduction of Lu Opera, we should choose the theme that fits the ideology and values of overseas audiences, adopt the translation and introduction strategy suitable for Lu Opera, and give full play to the promotion role of well-known publishers and new media, so as to promote the acceptance of Lu Opera overseas. It is concluded that the poly-system theory provides a feasible method for the translation and overseas promotion of Lu Opera.
    “[Kəʔ]” question in Chaohu dialect
    WANG Chun
    2022, 24(4):  9-15+31.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.002
    Abstract ( 272 )   PDF (705KB) ( 406 )   Save
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    "[K??]" question is a sentence pattern commonly used to express doubt in Chaohu dialect. "[K??]" questions in Chaohu dialect can be divided into three categories: "[K??]VP", "[K??] 是 NP" and "[K??] 是 VP". "[K??]" questions can also express different tenses by co-occurrence with different tense and aspect auxiliary words. As for the nature of "[K??]" questions, we conclude that, "[K??]VP" sentence pattern in Chaohu dialect has a double corresponding relationship with neutral repeated questions and neutral yes or no questions in Putonghua. "[K??]是NP" has a corresponding relationship with neutral repeated questions in Putonghua; "[K??]是 VP" has a double corresponding relationship with tendency repeated questions and "是不是"(yes or no)questions in Putonghua.
    On Mao Zedong’s Thought of Dealing with the Relationship Between the Party and the Masses in the Early Days of PRC
    ZHAO Guang-jun
    2022, 24(4):  16-21.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.003
    Abstract ( 236 )   PDF (712KB) ( 489 )   Save
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    In the early days of People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong attached great importance to dealing with the relationship with the masses. He put forward numerous new viewpoints: Addressing the relationship between the Party and the masses is of great significance to the Party and the country; the focus is to emphasize and rely on the masses; the key point is to contact the masses; the fundamental point is to benefit the masses; In dealing with the relationship between the Party and the masses, we should do a good job in publicity and education to the masses, make good use of the methods of criticism and self-criticism, and build a good team of Party members and cadres. The study of these thoughts can provide enlightenment and reference for the Party’s work with the masses under the new situation and building a harmonious relationship between the Party and the masses in the new period.
    Research on Fewer Arrests in Non-Prosecution Cases: Analysis Based on 207 Non-prosecution Decisions
    WU Chen-kai
    2022, 24(4):  20-31.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.004
    Abstract ( 298 )   PDF (1469KB) ( 485 )   Save
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    In the past 20 years, the proportion of serious crimes and violent crimes in China has been declining year after year. Starting in 2020, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate has promoted the concept of "fewer arrests, prosecutions and detentions", which has brought a significant decline in arrest and prosecution rates. In many cases where public prosecutions were finally filed, arrest measures were no longer applicable. Compared with prosecution cases, the nature of minor injury cases that are not prosecuted in the end is mostly milder, but the arrest rate is still relatively high. To further reduce the arrest rate, we need to start with such misdemeanor cases and abandon the concepts of "arrest upon conviction" and "prosecution upon conviction". Based on the analysis of 207 non-prosecution decisions for the crime of intentional injury, it is concluded that factors such as guilty plea, compensation, and victim’s understanding have a significant impact on the applicability of arrest measures, but the rationality of overemphasis on the influence of such compensation factors on arrest is questionable. We should increase the intensity of "fewer arrests" in guilty plea cases, timely change compulsory measures, rationally treat compensation factors, and eliminate misunderstanding of arrest requirements to achieve the implementation and improvement of the "fewer arrests, prosecutions and detentions" criminal justice policy.
    Research on the Effect of Office Chit -chat on Knowledge Concealment: The Chain Mediating Effect of Interpersonal Trust and Psychological Disengagement
    WANG Ping, WANG Yao-juan, WANG Xue-lian
    2022, 24(4):  32-39.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.005
    Abstract ( 259 )   PDF (838KB) ( 543 )   Save
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    Office chit-chat, as an instant interaction ritual, has widely existed in Chinese organizations and its practical effectiveness has been tested. However, few studies explored the influence of office chit-chat on knowledge concealment and its mechanism. Based on affective event theory and resource preservation theory, we focused on the influence of office chit-chat on knowledge concealment and investigated the chain mediating effect of interpersonal trust—psychological disengagement. Regression analysis using 367 individual samples found that: Office chit-chat has a negative prediction effect on knowledge concealment; Interpersonal trust and psychological disengagement play a mediating role between office chit-chat and knowledge concealment; The chain relation of interpersonal trust—psychological disengagement has a significant mediating effect between office chit-chat and knowledge concealment. The conclusion not only expands the study on the outcome variables of office chit-chat, but also provides a practical reference for organizations to realize the positive effect of chit-chat and tackle employees’ knowledge concealment.
    Study on Temporal and Spatial Differentiation and Influencing Factors of Water Resources Utilization Efficiency in Anhui Province: Based on DEA-Malmquist Model
    DING Tao, LI Hao, LIU Yi
    2022, 24(4):  40-49.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.006
    Abstract ( 237 )   PDF (2086KB) ( 550 )   Save
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    Improving water resources utilization efficiency is of great significance to regional economic development. Based on the panel data of Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020, this paper uses Malmquist index and Tobit regression model to study the temporal and spatial differentiation and influencing factors of water resources utilization efficiency in Anhui Province. The results show that: the overall water resources utilization efficiency of Anhui Province showed a fluctuating downward trend from 2011 to 2020, from 0.939 in 2011 to 0.869 in 2020. The water resources utilization efficiency of Hefei, Huaibei, Bozhou, Suzhou and Huangshan was higher, while that of Huainan, Maanshan, Xuancheng and Chizhou was lower; The total factor productivity index of Anhui Province from 2011 to 2020 is 0.989, and the total factor productivity index of Hefei, Huaibei, Maanshan, Wuhu, Tongling, Anqing and Huangshan is greater than 1, with obvious technological progress; The increase of per capita GDP, the proportion of primary industry, and the proportion of agricultural water use, play a positive role in promoting the efficiency of water resources utilization, while the increase of per capita water consumption will hinder the improvement of water resources utilization efficiency. The results of this study can provide reference for government departments to formulate relevant policies.
    On Ma Ruichen and the Academic Studies of Book of Songs in Late Qing Dynasty
    YU Chun-li
    2022, 24(4):  50-56.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.007
    Abstract ( 244 )   PDF (1040KB) ( 520 )   Save
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    Through combing the quotation and evaluation of Mao Shi Chuan Jian Tong Shi by the academic works in late Qing Dynasty, it is found that Ma Ruichen’s interpretation of characters by borrowing method not only was the inheritance of Qianlong and Jiaqing academic heritage, but also left scholars in late Qing dynasty with sufficient academic references. He proved Maoshi with three versions of Book of Songs, which laid a solid foundation for the scholars’ research on three versions of Book of Songs in the late Qing Dynasty. However, scholars in late Qing Dynasty did not pay enough attention to Ma Ruichen in their studies of Book of Songs. This paper analyzes the quotation and evaluation of Mao Shi Chuan Jian Tong Shi in the academic works of late Qing Dynasty, and discusses Ma Ruichen’s influence on the study of Book of Songs in late Qing Dynasty, so as to present a comprehensive understanding of the academic value of Ma’s Tong Shi in the history of studies on Book of Songs in Qing Dynasty, and supplement the academic research in this aspect.
    A Study of Benjamin’s Literature Memory
    JIANG Zhou-qun
    2022, 24(4):  57-63+84.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.008
    Abstract ( 242 )   PDF (1063KB) ( 646 )   Save
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    Based on the identity of Benjamin’s literary theorist and literary critic, the research tries to separate the memory from the complicated philosophical thoughts, and consider it as an independent research object, so as to explore the contents of literature memory. Benjamin believes that the prerequisite of memory is forgetting; the memory mainly draws nourishment from the past literary tradition and forms the star cluster structure by shuttling between the past, present and future. He not only outlines the main process and important factors of memory, but also divides memory dialectically into involuntary memory and conscious memory, which have no absolute boundary and can be converted to each other under certain conditions.
    On the Contradiction of the Frontier Poets’ Thought of Pursuing Official Career in Early Tang Dynasty
    REN Zhi-hong
    2022, 24(4):  64-70.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.009
    Abstract ( 279 )   PDF (1069KB) ( 599 )   Save
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    In early Tang Dynasty(618—766 CE), there were many lines in frontier poems that "advocated military over Confucianism", which derived from the unconscious inheritance of historical tradition, and self-mockery and anger from personal experience of talent being neglected. This kind of cultural inertia and temporary mood cannot fully and accurately prove that the frontier poets had a distinct custom that "advocated military over Confucianism". In fact, although the frontier poets in the early Tang Dynasty advocated military, they also positively pursued official career by academic study, which were mainly reflected in identifying with the literati, praising and sympathizing with scholars, having experience of being officials, and thought of civil administration. To make military achievements and pursue an official career was the aspiration of the frontier poets in early Tang Dynasty. The complexity of this aspiration reflects the profound contradiction between ideal and reality.
    Study on Pitch Organization and Movement Mode of Arthur Honegger’s Three String Quartets
    WANG Yi
    2022, 24(4):  71-84.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.010
    Abstract ( 145 )   PDF (11080KB) ( 294 )   Save
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    Three string quartets are Arthur Honegger’s important chamber music works. From the perspective of composition technology theory, this paper takes his three string quartets as the research object, focuses on the field of pitch organization, and uses ontology analysis as the method, to carry out research from three aspects: chord materials, non -functional harmony and modern counterpoint techniques, in order to clarify the horizontal and vertical arrangement of pitch materials in his works, master the state of harmony movement, and then understand Arthur Honegger’s personalized music language.
    On the Opening of Trading Zone in Beijing in the Late Qing Dynasty and Early Republic of China
    LIU Gui
    2022, 24(4):  85-90+119.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.011
    Abstract ( 194 )   PDF (1237KB) ( 520 )   Save
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    The Sino-Japanese Trade Ship Renewal in 1903 provided that after the retreat of foreign troops who had guarded the consulates and roads, Beijing would open a Trading Zone. However, foreign countries did not fulfill the provisions of the treaty. Instead, they allowed their merchants to live and trade in Beijing, forming a special trade zone. The opening of the Trading Zone in Beijing seriously infringed on China’s sovereignty, and successive Chinese governments firmly opposed it and fought against it. A study on this issue with archival materials and related works can not only deepen the understanding of the special nature of Beijing Trading Zone, but also effectively reveal the nature of foreign powers’ infringement beyond the treaty.
    Research on Chongqing’s Donation Campaign in 1939
    HUANG Rui-qi
    2022, 24(4):  91-100.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.012
    Abstract ( 169 )   PDF (1243KB) ( 404 )   Save
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    In 1939, in order to mobilize the masses to participate in the second phase of the Anti-Japanese War, the New Life Movement Promotion Association hosted a donation contest in Chongqing in the name of celebrating the fifth anniversary of the New Life Movement. Under the guidance of publicity and action, all walks of life in Chongqing were actively mobilized and finally achieved excellent donation results. The 1939 Chongqing donation contest was the first large-scale donation campaign after the Kuomintang moved the capital. It not only started the mass mobilization on the home front under the rule of the Kuomintang, but also strengthened the Kuomintang’s control and influence over the home front. The 1939 Chongqing donation contest was not only an important part of the national donation movement during the Anti-Japanese War, but also a microcosm of the Kuomintang mass mobilization during the Anti-Japanese War. By examining the entire process with the reports and official letters at that time, we can understand the interaction between Kuomintang mass mobilization and mass response during the Anti-Japanese War, and reflect on the problem of the Kuomintang mass mobilization during the war.
    Rebellion and Revolution: Yunnan Secret Society in the Late Qing Dynasty from a Dual Perspective
    XIE Jun, LUO An-wei
    2022, 24(4):  101-109.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.013
    Abstract ( 155 )   PDF (1307KB) ( 803 )   Save
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    The secret society was an influential civil force in modern Yunnan, which played multiple roles in the changes of times. The secret society in Yunnan was introduced from neighboring provinces. After entering modern times, it took root in the soil of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society and developed rapidly. In order to resist the oppression of the government, the Yunnan secret society launched several uprisings and shook the rule of the Qing government in Yunnan; In order to establish a democratic political system, the Revolutionary Party headed by Sun Yat-sen noticed the great power contained in the secret society and the special geographical location of Yunnan. They used the secret society to launch numerous armed uprisings and accelerated the collapse of the Qing government. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Yunnan secret society also expanded its forces in the old and new armies and served as one of the main forces in the movement of uniting the bourgeois revolutionaries to overthrow the Qing government. However, due to its own defects and the completion of the "anti-Qing Dynasty" goal, the Yunnan secret society was suppressed by the military governor just after the Xinhai Revolution of 1911.
    The Establishment of "Public" Consciousness in Modern China from the Perspective of Articles on Parks in Late Qing Dynasty to Early Republic of China(1870—1920)
    HU Die
    2022, 24(4):  110-119.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.014
    Abstract ( 229 )   PDF (1349KB) ( 470 )   Save
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    The research on the relationship between park construction and public consciousness is an important aspect to explore the process of China’s modernization. The attitude of the public toward parks experienced the transformation from the late 19th century, demanding the same right to enter the public gardens as Westerners, to the early 20th century, urging the government to build public gardens and other public-owned leisure and entertainment places. This change reflects the gradual emergence of modern "public" consciousness and its interaction with the construction of parks. The emergence of new things is often accompanied by new concepts and ideas. The construction process of modern parks reflects the establishment process of "public" consciousness in modern China.
    An OED- and COCA-assisted Analysis on Semantic Change and Discrimination of Synonyms: By the Case of English Synonymous Verbs Deceive and Cheat
    JIANG Meng
    2022, 24(4):  120-127.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.015
    Abstract ( 200 )   PDF (1381KB) ( 547 )   Save
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    Based on The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), this paper conducts a comparative study of English synonymous verbs deceive and cheat from five aspects: sense evolution, genre distribution, word frequency, collocation, and topics. The results reveal that deceive has more senses that became obsolete than cheat in the process of semantic shifts, so the word cheat has a wider semantic scope in modern English, but both verbs retain the meaning of "To cause to believe what is false" as the chief word sense; different from cheat which is frequently used in oral and informal genres, deceive always appears in formal contexts; the word frequency of cheat is much higher than that of deceive and their inflectional change tendencies are different; deceive often co-occur with topic words related to religion, while cheat is regularly involved in topics like honesty and morality, marriage and ethics. The study aims to clarify the similarities and differences between synonyms deceive and cheat, hoping to provide inspiration for English synonyms teaching and acquisition.
    Reconsidering the Formation of Separable Verb-Object Compounds and Their Semantic Change
    ZHONG Lin-lin
    2022, 24(4):  128-134.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.016
    Abstract ( 219 )   PDF (1533KB) ( 550 )   Save
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    The formation paths of separable verb-object compounds are variable. In addition to the two conventional paths of lexicalization and de-lexicalization, the separable verb-object compounds can be directly formed by word formation, such as xizao; or by re-analysis of the structure, such as shuijiao and xiyu. The separable form can trigger the semantic change of the morphemes. The latter morpheme of a separable word tends to become ane active noun morpheme, which can participate in word formation; the former morpheme may also evolve—the transitivity of shui is derived from shuijiao and the meaning of shui has also changed. Separable words are not the middle stage of lexicalization, and their separation might be gradually strengthened.
    On Construction of National Images in the Technology-Themed Front Covers from the Perspective of Visual Grammar: A Case Study of Beijing Review
    WANG Gang
    2022, 24(4):  135-141+148.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.017
    Abstract ( 190 )   PDF (3357KB) ( 479 )   Save
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    Journal covers are usually the kind of multimodal discourses combining images and text symbols, which play active roles in the construction and communication of national images. Based on the framework of visual grammar theory, this paper conducts a meaning analysis of multimodal symbols of technology-themed front covers of Beijing Review published from 2012 to 2021, and examines the visual framing of image symbols, so as to reveal the meaning presentation and construction of China’s technological images with the integration of linguistic texts. The result shows that the technology-themed front covers of Beijing Review mainly employ three kinds of visual frameworks including innovation, driving and empowerment. Through the three meta-meanings of representation, interaction and composition in visual grammar, the front covers present the real scenes of Chinas technological images, innovate the visual symbols for the international communication of Chinas technological images, and construct the technological images of China in harmony with the era.
    A Study on Saul Bellow’s Classic Work from the Perspective of Sartre’s Existentialism
    CHEN Yang-yang, WANG Ye-zhao
    2022, 24(4):  142-148.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.018
    Abstract ( 162 )   PDF (1443KB) ( 471 )   Save
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    Mr. Sammler’s Planet is the major masterpiece of American writer Saul Bellow. In the form of stream of consciousness, the novel presents the protagonist Mr. Sammler’s traumatic memories of the Holocaust and social reality in New York in the 1960s. From the perspective of Sartre’s existentialism, the paper reveals the absurdity of the counterculture and moral crisis in the American society at the time, and shows the consciousness predicament of people in the being-for-others as well as the distorted personality and sociopathic madness that modernity invites in the being-for-itself people. People pursue unrestricted absolute freedom, and the emptiness of existence gives rise to the desire to exist while granting rootless freedom. The novel enlightens people on how to maintain their authentic existence in absurd situations and break through the confusion and helplessness by means of the free choice with a sense of responsibility, which are the philosophical implications of the work.
    What Is "University Governance": Meaning, Subject and Goal
    TANG Guang-quan
    2022, 24(4):  149-156.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.019
    Abstract ( 411 )   PDF (1454KB) ( 414 )   Save
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    The questions of what is "university governance", who "governs" the university, and what is "governed" in university, must be logically clarified. University governance is the respect for efficiency improvement and order maintenance. Its essence is to guide the university forward by respecting the law of teaching and academic development. Whether through agency or personal participation, teachers and students should become the leading force of university governance; Although the goal of university governance is inseparable from serving the development of social economy and the development and progress of science and technology, it must not stop there and forget or even deviate from the two main purposes of university governance: morality education and pursuit of truth.
    Study on the Feasibility and Application Effects of TPRS Teaching Method in College Oral English Teaching
    WANG Juan
    2022, 24(4):  157-164.  doi:10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.04.020
    Abstract ( 187 )   PDF (1447KB) ( 499 )   Save
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    TPRS is a widely-used teaching method in foreign language teaching in the United States. The study on the feasibility of TPRS from the aspects of teachers, students and teaching facilities, along with its application effects with the empirical research of TPRS classroom teaching as demonstration, has significant enlightenment for college oral English teaching reform in China. The study shows TPRS is a beneficial attempt in college oral English teaching reform, and is of due significance and research value.