巢湖学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 130-136.doi: 10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.02.017

• 语言与文字 • 上一篇    

从葛蕾特形象看《变形记》中父权秩序的消解与重构

基语馨:安徽大学 文学院   

  1. 安徽大学 文学院,安徽 合肥 230039
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-26 出版日期:2022-03-25 发布日期:2022-06-26
  • 作者简介:基语馨(1999—),女,江苏南京人,安徽大学文学院硕士研究生,主要从事文艺学研究。

he Deconstruction and Reconstruction of Patriarchy Order in Metamorphosis from the Perspective of Gretel's Image

JI Yu-xin:College of Liberal Arts, Anhui University   

  1. College of Liberal Arts, Anhui University, Hefei Anhui 230039
  • Received:2021-10-26 Online:2022-03-25 Published:2022-06-26

摘要: 卡夫卡在其作品中常以抽象荒诞的形式深刻表现父权制下人的异化主题,然而小说《变形记》中的人物形象并非简单地以抽象符号的形式存在,从中仍能发掘出人物性格在情节发展下的变异,所以对《变形记》中人物形象的分析是具有一定价值的。在女性主义批评视角与福柯话语权力理论下,通过纵向比较葛蕾特人物性格的变异与横向剖析其性格在人际关系中的发展,可以进一步揭示卡夫卡笔下父权秩序的多重面相,即在“非理性的、荒诞的”传统父权秩序的消亡史中揭示一种更加“理性的、隐蔽的”权力秩序的诞生。

关键词: 卡夫卡, 福柯, 女性主义, 《变形记》

Abstract: In his works, Kafka profoundly expresses the theme of alienation in a patriarchal society. However, the characters in Metamorphosis are not simply presented in the form of abstract symbols. We can still see the changes of the personality of characters with the development of the plot. Therefore, a study on the characters depicted in Metamorphosis is of significance. From the perspective of feminist criticism and Foucault's theory of discourse, this paper makes a longitudinal comparison of Gretel's personality changes and a horizontal analysis of the development of her personality in the interpersonal network, which can reveal the multiple aspects of the patriarchal order in Kafka's works—the birth of a more "rational and hidden" power order in the extinction of the "irrational and absurd" traditional patriarchal order.

Key words: Kafka, Foucault, feminism, Metamorphosis

中图分类号: 

  • I521.074