巢湖学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 98-104+158.doi: 10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2022.02.013

• 历史与文化 • 上一篇    

20世纪30年代安徽省土地整理的试点——基于东流八都湖的考察

刘长胜:安徽大学 徽学研究中心   

  1. 安徽大学 徽学研究中心,安徽 合肥 230039
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-15 出版日期:2022-03-25 发布日期:2022-06-26
  • 作者简介:刘长胜(1998—),男,山东临沂人,安徽大学徽学研究中心硕士研究生,主要从事中国近现代史研究。

The Pilot Work of Land Consolidation in Anhui Province in the 1930s: Based on the Study of Baduhu Dongliu

LIU Chang-sheng:Center for Hui Studies, Anhui University   

  1. Center for Hui Studies, Anhui University, Hefei Anhui 230039
  • Received:2021-07-15 Online:2022-03-25 Published:2022-06-26

摘要: 1927年,南京中央政府在全国发起了土地整理运动。与此同时,安徽省政府在响应中央政策、开发荒地、调整土地所有权结构、增加税收等多种目的驱使下,在全省范围内开展了土地整理工作。1927年以后,安徽省政府成立了土地局、土地整理筹备处等机构,主管土地整理。1932年,安徽省土地整理筹备处决定在东流县八都湖(今东至县八都湖村)开展土地整理试点工作,着手对八都湖土地进行清丈试点,清丈结束后进行土地登记,获得了当地的土地数据。从八都湖个案可以看出,安徽省土地整理工作存在着诸多问题,这些问题包括计划不合理、经费不足以及与地方势力联系不够密切。八都湖土地整理试点是研究民国时期安徽省土地整理工作的重要切入点。

关键词: 安徽近代史, 土地整理, 八都湖

Abstract: In 1927, the central government of Nanjing launched a land consolidation movement throughout the country. At the same time, driven by various purposes such as responding to the central policy, developing wasteland, adjusting land ownership structure and increasing taxes, Anhui provincial government has carried out land consolidation throughout the province. After 1927, Anhui provincial government established land bureau and land consolidation preparatory office to take charge of land consolidation. In 1932, the land consolidation preparatory office of Anhui Province decided to carry out the pilot work of land consolidation in Baduhu, Dongliu County (now Baduhu Village, Dongzhi County), and began the pilot work of measuring Baduhu land. After the measurement, the land registration was carried out and the local land data were obtained. From the Baduhu case, we can see that there were many problems in the land consolidation work in Anhui Province, including unreasonable plan, insufficient funds and no close contact with local forces. Baduhu land consolidation pilot work is an important entry point for the study of land consolidation in Anhui Province in the Republic of China.

Key words: modern history of Anhui, land consolidation, Baduhu

中图分类号: 

  • K295