Journal of Chaohu University ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 116-123.doi: 10.12152/j.issn.1672-2868.2021.04.017

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On the Rise and Fall of the Belief in Zhang Long Gong in Yingzhou Region

LU Zi-meng:Song History Research Center, Hebei University   

  1. Song History Research Center, Hebei University, Baoding Hebei 071002
  • Received:2021-01-06 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-10-08

Abstract: The belief in "Zhang Long Gong" is a local belief that arose in the Yingzhou area. The folklore mythologizes the local man Zhang Lusi as a dragon, and under the influence of natural environmental factors, the belief was disseminated by local officials through the use of their positions and literary scholars with poetry and writings. The belief in Zhang Long Gong flourished during the Northern Song Dynasty. But after the Southern Song Dynasty, due to the impact of war and natural disasters, the economy and culture of Yingzhou were destroyed, and the belief no longer had the important status as in the Tang and Song Dynasties. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, natural disasters were frequent in the Huaihe River basin, but the belief was only fixed in Yingzhou and the surrounding counties. The local society enriched the content of Zhang Long Gong myth during this period. Social forces were involved in the continuation of the belief, and the belief also influenced local culture and historical memory. However, the belief during the Ming and Qing dynasties was influenced by "validity" and spreading the belief to the outside became difficult.

Key words: Zhang Long Gong, Zhang Long Wang, local culture in Yingzhou, folk belief, local society

CLC Number: 

  • B933